Basant Panchami festival falls in the spring season. During this time, the weather becomes delightful ( neither too hot nor too cold ). Therefore, the spring season is called the “King of Seasons.”Goddess Saraswati is specially worshiped on Basant Panchami.
Basant Panchami festival comes in January or February, and the fifth day (Panchami Tithi) in the Hindu month of Magha, Shukla Paksha. On this day, Goddess Saraswati was born. This day is also celebrated as the birthday of Goddess Saraswati, which is the symbol of knowledge, wisdom, truth, and purity.
Basant Panchami is the day of Goddess Saraswati and is considered very auspicious, especially to begin a child’s education. It is also celebrated as a new beginning in a child’s life. Traditionally, children are taught to write the first word because this day is considered a new beginning with the worship of the Goddess of knowledge.
History of Basant Panchami
Firstly, let’s understand the meaning of Basant Panchami – Basant means “Spring” and Panchami means “Fifth.” On this day, Goddess Saraswati is worshiped in the school and colleges, and all the students worship Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of Saraswati. Now, we should know why we celebrate this festival, and what is the history behind this?
There is a story behind it – “According to Hinduism’s beliefs, when Brahma Ji created the universe, there was peace everywhere, no sound was heard anywhere. At that time, by order of Lord Vishnu, Brahmaji took water from his kamandala and sprinkled it on the earth, a woman with amazing power and quadrilateral and, who had Veena, Mala, Book, etc. in her hands and when she played Veena at the behest of Brahmaji.
The sound spread everywhere globally, then Brahmaji called her the Goddess of Veena by the name of Goddess Saraswati. For this reason, this day is celebrated as the origin of Goddess Saraswati.
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When Brahma Ji created the universe without sound, this universal creation has received a voice from Maa Saraswati, without which we cannot even imagine a life.
The yellow color is very important on this day. Due to the color of spring, yellow is also called the “Basanti” color. This color symbolizes prosperity, light, energy, and blessings. Thus, on this day, people wear yellow clothes and a variety of food items are cooked, which have yellow color such as Boondi ladoos, yellow sweet rice, yellow khichdi, etc. This color holds a special meaning as it shows the state of being full of energy and brilliancy of nature.
In Punjab, the tradition of flying kites is very significant. On the day of Basant Panchami, wood is collected along with Holika’s idol and placed in a public place. After the next 40 days, one day before Holi, devotees perform Holika Dahan with small twigs and other flammable materials.
Significance of Basant Panchami
In Hindu culture, the significance of Basant Panchami is very important. Basant Panchami is considered very auspicious to start the new work, begin a child’s education, get married, or perform any religious ceremony.
Basant Panchami festival is also very important for farmers. On the day of Basant Panchami, mustard fields are blooming, and with the arrival of the spring season, flowers and fruits start blooming in trees and plants.
At this festival, many sweets are prepared because any festival in our India is incomplete without sweets. Basant Panchami symbolizes the start of preparation for Holi, which occurs after forty days from the day of Basant Panchami.
How to Worship Goddess Saraswati on Basant Panchami Festival?
Goddess Saraswati is worshiped in schools and educational institutions as well as in homes. If you are worshiping Goddess Saraswati at home, then keep these things in mind. In the morning, take a bath and offer yellow flowers to Maa Saraswati. After this, worship Goddess Saraswati at the auspicious time of worship. On this day, eat yellow rice or yellow food.
During Saraswati Puja, the Goddess Saraswati is dressed in yellow and yellow flowers, and sweets are offered to Maa Saraswati.
Basant Panchami Celebrations across India
People celebrate this festival by wearing yellow-colored new clothes, eating and distributing yellow sweets, and having yellow food. People also clean their home, decorating it with yellow flowers and much more. Some people also have a fast for the whole day. In different regions in India, this festival is celebrated in various ways.
- In Maharashtra, a newly married couple offer their prayers to Goddess Saraswati at a temple and wear yellow clothes on their first Basant Panchami together.
- In Punjab, people celebrate this day by flying kites, which represent freedom and pleasure. This tradition is also observed in all the other states like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Himachal Pradesh.
- In Rajasthan, people wear jasmine garlands to celebrate this festival. In Patna, students play with colors on the occasion of Basant Panchami.
- All the students all over India worship Goddess Saraswati and offer their prayers. They also offer their stationery and books to Maa Saraswati and wish for all the luck and blessings for themselves.
Best Places to Observe the Celebrations of Basant Panchami in India
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal