There are a lot of festivals in India, and here all the festivals are celebrated with enthusiasm, joy, and love.
Thaipusam festival is also one of the most celebrated festivals of our India. Tamil Hindus celebrate the Thaipusam festival and South India and other countries (such as – Africa, America, Thailand and Sri Lanka, etc.) Tamil people celebrate this festival with great enthusiasm and happiness.
In the Thaipusam festival, the Tamil Hindus worship Lord Murugan (also known as the name of “Kartikeya”), the eldest son of Lord Shiva, with great devotion. According to the Tamil calendar, the Thaipusam festival is celebrated on full moon day in Thai month (mid-January to mid-February). Thaipusam festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm among Tamil Hindus, and this is one of the major festivals of Tamil people.
Meaning of Thaipusam –
This festival’s name is Thaipusam and is created by the combination of two words – “Thai” and “Pusam.” Thai means – “Thai month name” (according to the Tamil calendar), and Pusam means – “a star whose name is pusam.”
History of Thaipusam Festival-
There are many mythological stories behind the Thaipusam festival, due to which we celebrate this festival with happiness, enthusiasm, and positivity.
The most famous and main of all these stories is – “Story of Lord Morgan (also called Karthikeyan), he is the elder son of Lord Shiva. According to this story –
Once there was a fierce battle between all the gods and the demons. In this war, all the gods were seeing their defeat, and they were not able to fight with all the demons in this fearful war, and all of their powers were not having any effect on the demons.
After seeing all this, all the gods decided that they should seek help from Lord Shiva, and then all the gods go to Lord Shiva. And tell them everything about this war. After hearing all this, Lord Shiva, with his power, created a warrior named Skanda and gave this warrior the power to win the war and send that in the war as the hero of all the gods.
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And then, in this war, all the gods are conquered by the help of this warrior, and good triumphs over evil. Since then, this day is celebrated with great pomp to be the victory of good over evil.
Since the victory of this war, this warrior is known as Murgan or Kartikeya, and Lord Shiva also adopted Kartikeya like his son, and Lord Kartikeya started following Lord Shiva’s every order and rules. Henceforth, Lord Kartikeya was considered as a symbol of light and knowledge of Lord Shiva.
This day teaches us that no matter how big a crisis is, we can win it if we trust God and do our work with full goodness and sincerity.
Significance of Thaipusam Festival-
Thaipusam festival is very prominent and is full of enthusiasm and joy. Celebrating this day like a festival shows how much humans believe in God with full devotion.
On this day, many devotees take Kavad after enduring the great sufferings, and all the devotees are so engrossed in the devotion of God that they don’t feel any pain. And keep moving forward with the belief that God is giving them the power to bear all the sufferings.
The number of devotees is very high on this day. On the day of Thaipusam festival brings a different beauty, everywhere is just happiness. This festival teaches us that “Good always triumphs over evil.” There is a story behind why people carry Kavad on this day, and the name of this story is – Story of Kavadi Attam.
Story of Kavadi Aattam –
The story of Kavadi Aattam has great importance in the Thaipusam festival. According to this story-
Once Lord Shiva ordered a sage to establish two mountains in South India. The name of this sage was Agastya Rishi. By order of Lord Shiva, he established two mountains in a forest. One of these mountains was named ShaktiGiri Mountain, and the other was named ShivGiri Mountain.
After this, Lord Shiva told his disciple Idumban the work ahead. Following Lord Shiva’s orders, he went to those mountains and did not move a single mountain. Then he went to seek help from God, and after the help, he lifted the mountain. After some time, he started resting in a place called Plani of South India. After rest, when they wanted to lift the mountain, they could not move them. When he saw a person, Idumban asked for help from him, but he refused to help and said that this mountain belongs to him. And they started fighting; during this time, he came to know that this man is Kartikeya, son of Lord Shiva.
Idumban died in this battle, but Lord Shiva revived him. After this, Indumban had announced that whoever would take a Kavadi to the temple built on these mountains, his wish would definitely be fulfilled.
That’s why millions of devotees take Kavad here every year and fulfill all their wishes.
Why do we celebrate Thaipusam Festival?
According to Mythology, on this day of thai month, Lord Kartikeya defeated a demon named Narkasura and his army in the battle. Then from that day, this day is celebrated as a festival. Because good won over evil on this day. Lord Kartikeya is worshiped with great enthusiasm at this festival.
This day teaches us that if we are good and have faith in God, then we can win in any big crisis.
How is the Thaipusam Festival Celebrated?
Thaipusam’s unique festival is celebrated with full enthusiasm and happiness from the beginning of the full moon of the Thai month to the next ten days.
On this day of the Thaipusam festival, all the devotees wear yellow clothes and go to the temple to worship Lord Kartikeya and offer them yellow flowers.
Many special devotees take Kavad and continue to chant that encourages them to go forward with positive energy, and some people also dance with them. On the day of the Thaipusam festival, the whole atmosphere is filled with positive energy and enthusiasm.
On this day, some devotees delight Lord Kartikeya through fasting and pray for their wishes. People from abroad also come to see the celebration of this festival, which makes us feel proud of our Indian culture.
Why is Thaipusam not a public holiday?
There are eleven public holidays, according to Singapore’s 1966 Holidays Act. And there are two holidays in each religion festival, after that in other holidays – there are New Year’s Day, Labour Day and National Day comes in the public holiday list.
That’s why the Thaipusam festival is no longer part of the public holiday.